Jan 18, 2022  
2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 The department offers selected courses from this catalog as warranted by student needs and availability of faculty. Specific offerings for each term may be found in the Schedule of Classes.

Course Renumbering Project

Effective the Fall 2017 semester, all undergraduate and graduate courses at Oakland University were renumbered from 3 digits to 4 digits.

Most subject codes will remain the same, but the new four-digit course numbers may in some cases be similar to the previous three-digit course numbers and in other cases be different because academic departments have resequenced their course numbers.

Follow this link to the conversion list.

This searchable PDF is a guide to see how the course numbers have changed. Each row represents a course, and the columns represent: the subject code, the previous three-digit course number,and the new four-digit course number for that course, beginning in Fall 2017.

To search this PDF for a specific course using the old number, you can just hit “Control” (or “Command” if on Mac) and “F,” then type in a specific course (e.g. “WRT 160”) to find the new course number .

The following subject codes have changed:

  • Studio Art (SA) changed to (ART)
  • Some English (ENG) courses changed to Creative Writing (CW)
  • Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) and Computer and Information Technology (CIT) changed to Computer Science and Informatics (CSI)
  • Music Theory and Composition (MUT) changed to either Applied Music (MUA) or Musicology and Music Education (MUS)
  • (MLS) changed to (CDS)
  • Some (JRN) courses changed to (PR)

For more information, please contact your academic adviser. Graduate students, please contact your academic department for advising.

NOTE: If you enrolled or transferred after fall 2014 please be sure to search the 2017-18 catalog courses and review the 3 to 4 digit conversions list.

 

Dance

  
  •  

    DAN 1110 - Modern Dance

    (3)
    Technique of modern dance. May be repeated for additional credit.
  
  •  

    DAN 1220 - Jazz Dance

    (2)
    Technique of jazz dance. Course may be repeated.
  
  •  

    DAN 1240 - African Dance

    (2)
    A participatory dance course that studies and performs traditional dances from different regions of Africa. Focus is on African dance techniques and the relationship between African dance and drumming. May be repeated for up to 8 credits.
  
  •  

    DAN 1260 - Tap Dance I

    (2)
    Technique of tap-dance. May be repeated.
  
  •  

    DAN 1373 - Dance History and Appreciation

    (4)
    An historical survey of the development of theatre dance in Western culture. Course materials presented through lecture, discussion, films, slides and viewing of live dance performances. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the arts knowledge exploration area.
  
  •  

    DAN 1375 - Dance in American Culture

    (4)
    Course surveys ethnic dance in America through lecture and demonstration. Dance guest artists/teachers representing different cultures will demonstrate and teach specific dance styles. The intent of the course is to aid students in understanding and appreciating ethnic diversity through dance. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the arts knowledge exploration area. Satisfies the university general education requirement in U.S. diversity.
  
  •  

    DAN 1377 - Dance in Film

    (4)
    Survey of dance in film, exploring the roots of the genre and its role in U.S. race relations in entertainment by examining the work of pivotal artists from silent films, the emergence of the movie musical, and the Golden Age of Hollywood, to MTV and online music video releases. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the arts knowledge exploration area. Satisfies the university general education requirements in U.S. Diversity.
  
  •  

    DAN 1500 - Dance Improvisation/Choreography I

    (2)
    An exploration of movement through improvisation. Students will develop their own movements through dance ideas and problem solving.
  
  •  

    DAN 2003 - Fundamentals of Ballet Technique II

    (2)
    Fundamental techniques of classical ballet; continuation of DAN 1003 . Designed for beginning ballet students. May be repeated for up to 8 credits.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1003  
  
  •  

    DAN 2100 - Ballet

    (2)
    Technique of classical ballet. Each course may be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1100  
  
  •  

    DAN 2110 - Modern Dance

    (3)
    Technique of modern dance. May be repeated for additional credit.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1110  
  
  •  

    DAN 2220 - Jazz Dance

    (2)
    Technique of jazz dance. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1220  
  
  •  

    DAN 2230 - Special Dance Techniques

    (2)
    Participatory dance course designed to provide experiences with current trends in dance technique at the beginning or intermediate level. May be repeated for up to 8 credits.
    Prerequisite(s): one dance course.
  
  •  

    DAN 2260 - Tap Dance II

    (2)
    Technique of tap dance. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1260  or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 2299 - Dance Workshop

    (1 TO 4)
    A workshop designed to give students opportunities for participation in a variety of dance experiences led by performing artists. Normally offered in the summer. Graded S/U. May be repeated for up to 16 credits.
  
  •  

    DAN 2440 - Learning and Teaching Dance

    (1)
    Introduction to the learning and teaching of dance in classroom settings.
    Prerequisite(s): WRT 1060  with a grade of (B) or higher.
  
  •  

    DAN 2441 - Educational Psychology and Dance Learning

    (3)
    Theories of learning and their implications for and applications to dance education practice, including study of developmentalist, behaviorist, cognitivist, and constructivist theories and what they imply about the nature of teaching and learning in classroom settings. Some field observation required.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2440  with a grade of (B) or higher.
  
  •  

    DAN 2500 - Choreography II

    (4)
    Theory of dance composition through reading, discussion, observation and experimentation. Lab required.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1500  
  
  •  

    DAN 2640 - Dance Production

    (2)
    Production based laboratory course that will cover lighting, costuming, makeup, and technological components of dance.
  
  •  

    DAN 3030 - Kinesiology for the Dancer

    (4)
    Analysis of movement from an anatomical and mechanical point of view with emphasis on problems of dance technique. Also includes prevention and treatment of dance-related injuries.
    Prerequisite(s): three dance courses
  
  •  

    DAN 3100 - Ballet

    (2)
    Technique of classical ballet. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2100 ; major standing or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3110 - Modern Dance

    (3)
    Technique of modern dance. May be repeated for additional credit.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2110 ; major standing.
  
  •  

    DAN 3220 - Jazz Dance

    (2)
    Technique of jazz dance. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2220  or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3260 - Tap Dance III

    (2)
    Advanced tap dance technique. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2260  or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3273 - Dance for Musical Theatre

    (2)
    Applied dance course that covers the techniques and styles of dance for musical theatre prevalent from the 1920s until the present day.
  
  •  

    DAN 3380 - Contemporary Dance History: Revolution and Revisionism

    (4)
    Comprehensive dance history for dance majors that covers 20th and 21st century choreographers from a thematic point of view. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 1373 , major standing in dance or permission of the instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3440 - Teaching Dance to Pre-K-5 Learners

    (3)
    Principles and practices for developing, designing, and teaching curricula for preschool and elementary school dance programs and for designing portfolio assessment to meet state standards. Explores a range of teaching approaches and the roles and responsibilities of a dance specialist in a school setting. 20 hours of fieldwork required.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2440  and DAN 2441 , each with grades of (B) or higher.
  
  •  

    DAN 3441 - Teaching Dance in Secondary Schools

    (3)
    Continuation of DAN 3440  with a focus on teaching dance in middle school and high school settings. 20 hours of fieldwork required.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3440  with a grade of (B) or higher.
  
  •  

    DAN 3450 - Creative Dance for Children

    (4)
    Methods and styles of teaching dance to children within schools, community centers and private studios.
    Prerequisite(s): major standing in dance or dance education minor.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): DAN 3100  and DAN 3110  or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3500 - Choreography III

    (4)
    Continuation of DAN 2500  at a more advanced level. Lab required. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 2500 , major standing in dance, or permission of the instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 3700 - Oakland Dance Theatre

    (1)
    A technique- and performance-based laboratory course. Each student will participate in a dance performance during the semester, either as a performer or choreographer. May be repeated for up to 8 credits. Graded S/U.
    Prerequisite(s): audition and instructor permission.
  
  •  

    DAN 4100 - Ballet

    (2)
    Technique of classical ballet. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3100 , major standing or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4102 - Advanced Ballet: Partnering

    (2)
    May be repeated.
  
  •  

    DAN 4104 - Advanced Ballet: Pointe

    (1)
    Technique class that emphasizes advanced ballet skills using pointe shoes. Additionally, students will learn a range of ballet repertoire during the semester. May be repeated.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): DAN 1100 
  
  •  

    DAN 4110 - Modern Dance

    (3)
    Technique of modern dance. May be repeated for additional credit.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3110 , major standing.
  
  •  

    DAN 4111 - Professional-level Dance Technique in Ballet and Modern Dance

    (2)
    Modern and ballet dance technique taught in professional dance company environment. Designed for advanced dancers as a pre-professional training program. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3110  with a grade of (C) or higher and permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4220 - Jazz Dance

    (2)
    Technique of jazz dance. May be repeated.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3220  or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4441 - Dance Pedagogy

    (4)
    Theory and practice of teaching dance technique with emphasis on ballet and modern dance. Includes study of age-appropriate and level-appropriate instruction, correct anatomical approach to dance training, and lesson and unit planning.
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 3100  and DAN 3110  
  
  •  

    DAN 4500 - Senior Recital

    (2)
    Dance program choreographed and performed by a student in the final year of dance study.
    Prerequisite(s): audition and permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4501 - Senior Recital II

    (2)
    Continuation of DAN 4500 .
    Prerequisite(s): DAN 4500  
  
  •  

    DAN 4625 - Issues and Trends in Dance

    (2)
    Readings, videos, and discussions pertaining to dance today. Topics will range from post modernism, dance theory, dance notation, dance education, multi-cultural influences, and computers and dance.
    Prerequisite(s): major standing in dance, 3100 level in technique or permission of the instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4628 - Opportunities and Careers in Dance

    (2)
    Survey of business techniques and procedures, laws, copyrights, grant writing and accounting practices in the field of dance; a study of the production aspects of a dance performance; and a study of career opportunities related to dance.
    Prerequisite(s): permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4700 - Repertory Dance Company

    (1)
    Advanced technique and performance-based laboratory course. Student will participate in rehearsals and performances of dance works by various choreographers. May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits. Graded S/U.
    Prerequisite(s): audition and permission of instructor
  
  •  

    DAN 4900 - Special Topics

    (1 TO 4)
    Group study of current topics in dance. May be repeated for up to 16 credits.
    Prerequisite(s): three dance courses.
  
  •  

    DAN 4996 - Independent Study

    (1 TO 4)
    Permission of instructor. May be repeated for additional credit. Graded S/U.
  
  •  

    DAN 4997 - College Teaching Apprenticeship

    (2 OR 4)
    Supervised participation in teaching an undergraduate course in dance, together with discussion of teaching methods and objectives. May be repeated for up to 8 credits.
    Prerequisite(s): permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    DAN 4998 - Apprenticeship

    (4)
    Students selected to apprentice with Eisenhower Dance Ensemble (EDE) earn credit depending upon frequency of participation. S/U grading only. May be repeated for up to 16 credits.
    Prerequisite(s): instructor permission.

Digital Literacies and Learning

  
  •  

    DLL 4196 - Digital Technologies in the Elementary Classroom

    (4)
    Students will develop understanding and skills in the integration of digital technologies to support teaching and learning at the elementary level.
    Prerequisite(s): Major standing.
  
  •  

    DLL 4197 - Digital Technologies in the Secondary Classroom

    (4)
    Students will develop understanding and skills in the integration of digital technologies to support teaching and learning at the secondary level.
  
  •  

    DLL 4399 - Secondary Education- Uses of Computers and Related Technologies

    (4)
    A general computer literacy course designed with focus on educational applications to enable secondary education students to utilize computers and related technologies for career and personal goals. This course is a requirement of secondary education majors for the computer science minor.
    Prerequisite(s): 12 credits in Computer Science.
  
  •  

    DLL 4464 - Applying Digital Technologies to Issues of Practice

    (4)
    Students learn how to facilitate application of digital technologies to issues of practices from organizational development and change perspective.
    Prerequisite(s): DLL 4196  or DLL 4197  
  
  •  

    DLL 4996 - Independent Study in Digital Literacies and Learning

    (2 OR 4)
    Students pursue a digital literacies topic of interest to independently study under instructor guidance. A written proposal is prepared and must be approved by faculty sponsor
    Prerequisite(s): DLL 4196   or DLL 4197  
  
  •  

    DLL 4998 - Final Project in Digital Literacies and Learning

    (4)
    Students formulate a project in an area of digital literacies interest to study independently under instructor guidance. A written proposal is prepared and must be approved by faculty sponsor.
    Prerequisite(s): DLL 4196  or DLL 4197  

Early Childhood

  
  •  

    EC 3320 - Child Development - Birth to Age 8

    (4)
    This course focuses on social, emotional, cognitive, physical linguistic development of children from birth to age 8. The focus will be on theories of development as well as developmental milestones.
  
  •  

    EC 3322 - Language Arts, Literacy and Creative Arts - Curriculum and Assessment

    (4)
    Focus: study of principles, methods, and materials for teaching young children language and literacy through a play-based integrated curriculum; planning, implementing, and evaluation of developmentally appropriate activities in art, music, movement, and play; the integration, evaluation and documentation of learning in language arts, literacy and creative arts.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3320  (B)
  
  •  

    EC 3324 - Science and Mathematics - Curriculum and Assessment

    (4)
    Focuses on a constructivist approach to teaching and learning, mathematics and science concepts and skills in early childhood (birth to age 8). Developing meaningful curricular content, supporting an inquiry approach to learning, planning for diverse learners, project based learning experiences, assessment and integration of Michigan early childhood standards are explored.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3320  (B)
  
  •  

    EC 3326 - Supporting Self-Regulation in Young Children

    (4)
    Focus: Development of self regulation in children during the early years. Particular attention is given to both normative and atypical growth in the areas of self control and executive functioning. Various theoretical perspectives will be integrated to develop child guidance principles and techniques applicable in early childhood classrooms.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3322  (B), EC 3324  (B)
  
  •  

    EC 3328 - Family, Community School Partnership

    (4)
    This course examines the family, community and school relationship and impact on children’s lives. The impact of diverse families on child rearing and education are addressed as well as the role of the teacher in collaborating with and maintaining relationships with the family and community.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3322  (B), EC 3324  (B)
  
  •  

    EC 3330 - Professionalism, Leadership Advocacy

    (4)
    This course will focus on current critical issues in early childhood education. Guidelines and standards will be used to focus on the legal, ethical, and professional dimensions of becoming an early childhood educator. Additionally, the course will attend to the development of leadership, administration, and management skills.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3326  (B), EC 3328  (B)
  
  •  

    EC 4960 - Early Childhood Practicum 1

    (3)
    ECE Practicum experiences are designed to provide students with opportunities to observe and practice in supervised, high-quality early childhood settings. Students are involved in planning curriculum and assessment, observing and recording children’s growth and learning, interacting with children, families and colleagues and practicing teaching skills.
  
  •  

    EC 4961 - Early Childhood Practicum 2

    (3)
    See description for EC 4960 . As students advance from Practicum 1 to Practicum 2, they will assume greater responsibility for planning and supervision, child evaluation, family conferences and family newsletters.
    Prerequisite(s): EC 3326  (B), EC 3328  (B)

Economics

  
  •  

    ECN 1500 - Economics in Today’s World

    (4)
    Provides an overview of both macroeconomics and microeconomics. Students will learn about the law of supply and demand, economics of business, industry structure, international trade, exchange rates, inflation, unemployment, and fiscal and monetary policy. This is a survey course intended for students who desire a broad familiarity with a wide range of economic concepts. It does not provide adequate preparation for degrees in business or economics, and does not provide sufficient background for the Professional Engineering (PE) examination. Economics or business major should not take this course (see specific requirements for those majors). Satisfies the university general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration area. Offered every fall and winter.
  
  •  

    ECN 1600 - Introduction to the Global Economy

    (4)
    Explains and analyzes the comparative advantage, free trade, barriers to trade, and exchange rates. Composition of international trade is analyzed. GDP, growth, unemployment, inflation, poverty, and income distribution are discussed. Measures of each are shown for the US, other industrialized countries, as well as emerging, and developing countries. (Generally offered every semester.) Students cannot get credit for both ECN 2020  and ECN 1600. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the global perspective knowledge exploration area. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement.
  
  •  

    ECN 2000 - Principles of Macroeconomics

    (4)
    Examines a broad range of macroeconomic concepts such as determination of national income, fluctuations in the economy, fiscal and monetary policies, money and banking, inflation and unemployment, and international economics. It also provides an introduction to a few key microeconomic concepts, such as scarcity, opportunity cost, supply and demand, and market processes. May not receive credit for ECN 2100 . Also, may not receive credits for both ECN 2020  and ECN 2000. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration area.
    Prerequisite(s): high school algebra.
  
  •  

    ECN 2010 - Principles of Microeconomics

    (4)
    Provides an introduction to key microeconomic concepts. Examines operations of markets, theory of consumer demand, elasticity, organization of the firm, production and cost in the long and short runs, competition, externalities, market failures, legal and regulatory environment of business and international economics. It also explores economic perspectives on issues of ethnicity and gender in the U.S. economy. (Generally offered every semester). May not also receive credit for ECN 2100 . Satisfies the university general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration area.
    Prerequisite(s): high school algebra.
  
  •  

    ECN 2010H - Principles of Microeconomics

    (4)
    Provides an introduction to key microeconomic concepts. Examines operations of markets, theory of consumer demand, elasticity, organization of the firm, production and cost in the long and short runs, competition, externalities, market failures, legal and regulatory environment of business and international economics. It also explores economic perspectives on issues of ethnicity and gender in the U.S. economy. (Generally offered every semester). May not also receive credit for ECN 2100 . Satisfies the university general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration area.
    Prerequisite(s): high school algebra
  
  •  

    ECN 2020 - Principles of Global Macroeconomics

    (4)
    Examines a broad range of macroeconomic concepts such as determination of national income, short-term fluctuations in the economy and long-term economic growth, fiscal and monetary policies, money and banking, inflation and unemployment, with special emphasis on their global significance, and on international comparisons of macroeconomic attributes. The course introduces key concepts that will strengthen understanding of the interlinked global economy, such as comparative advantage, balance of trade and payments, exchange rates, barriers to free trade, international growth convergence, and the impact of cultures and norms on economic performance. Students are highly recommended to take ECN 2010  prior to taking ECN 2020. (Generally offered every semester and term.) May not also receive credit for ECN 2100 . Also, may not receive credits for both ECN 2020 and ECN 2000 . Satisfies the university general education requirement in the global perspective knowledge exploration area or in the social science knowledge exploration area, not both.
    Prerequisite(s):  high school algebra.
  
  •  

    ECN 2020H - Principles of Global Macroeconomics

    (4)
    Examines a broad range of macroeconomic concepts such as determination of national income, short-term fluctuations in the economy and long-term economic growth, fiscal and monetary policies, money and banking, inflation and unemployment, with special emphasis on their global significance, and on international comparisons of macroeconomic attributes. The course introduces key concepts that will strengthen understanding of the interlinked global economy, such as comparative advantage, balance of trade and payments, exchange rates, barriers to free trade, international growth convergence, and the impact of cultures and norms on economic performance. Students are highly recommended to take ECN 2010  prior to taking ECN 2020 . (Generally offered every semester and term.) May not also receive credit for ECN 2100 . Satisfies the university general education requirement in the global perspective knowledge exploration area or in the social science knowledge exploration area, not both.
    Prerequisite(s): high school algebra
  
  •  

    ECN 2100 - Principles of Economics

    (6)
    Provides an introduction to principles of macroeconomics and microeconomics, covering the same topics as ECN 2010  and ECN 2020  combined but at an accelerated pace. Intended for highly motivated students with good writing and math ability.  May not also receive credit for ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 . Satisfies the university general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration area. (Generally offered fall semester).
    Prerequisite(s): high school algebra and a GPA of (B) or better.
  
  •  

    ECN 2500 - Economics Principles - a Mathematical Approach

    (4)
    Analyzes the principles of microeconomics and macroeconomics using mathematics. Topics include: demand and supply, consumer theory, theory of the firm, market equilibrium, market structure, monitoring economic performance, aggregate demand and supply, macroeconomic policies, and long-run economic growth.
    Prerequisite(s): MTH 1554  and MTH 1555  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
  •  

    ECN 3020 - Intermediate Macroeconomics

    (3)
    Deals with construction, analysis and interpretation of models of aggregate economic behavior, including the policy implications of alternative models, international interrelationships and assessment of contemporary controversies in national policy (Generally offered fall semester).
    Prerequisite(s): MTH 1222  or MTH 1554  and ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020  or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
  •  

    ECN 3030 - Managerial Economics

    (3)
    Explores microeconomic theory and its application to managerial decision making. Examines consumer behavior, cost and output estimation, optimization, pricing issues in competitive and non-competitive markets, decision making under uncertainty and capital budgeting. (Generally offered every semester). Satisfies the university general education requirements in the knowledge applications integration area except for economics majors. Prerequisite for knowledge applications: completion of the general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration and the formal reasoning knowledge foundation areas.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020  or ECN 2100  and MTH 1222  or MTH 1554  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
  •  

    ECN 3030H - Managerial Economics

    (3)
    Explores microeconomic theory and its application to managerial decisionmaking. Examines consumer behavior, cost and output estimation, optimization, pricing issues in competitive and non-competitive markets, decision making under uncertainty and capital budgeting. (Generally offered every semester). Satisfies the university general education requirements in the knowledge applications integration area except for economics majors. Prerequisite for knowledge applications: completion of the general education requirement in the social science knowledge exploration and the formal reasoning knowledge foundation areas.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020  or ECN 2100  and MTH 1222  or MTH 1554  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
  •  

    ECN 3040 - Consumer and Welfare Economics

    (3)
    The course emphasizes theories of consumer behavior and their applications to areas such as the individual and market demand curves, supply of labor, inter temporal choice of consumption, tax and public policies, and decision-making under uncertainty. Also emphasizes general equilibrium welfare economics, issues relating to equity and efficiency, the nature of public goods and externalities, consumer protection, and property rights. (Generally offered winter semester)
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3090 - State and Local Public Finance

    (3)
    Provides explanation and analysis of state and local public finance practices and problems. Topics include public goods and externalities, benefit-cost analysis, organization of sub-national governments, the budget process and state and local revenues and expenditures. (Offered with sufficient student demand).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010  or ECN 2100 , with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3100 - Economics of the Environment

    (3)
    Involves the application of the tools of economic analysis to problems of energy, ecology and the environment. Topics include externalities and public goods, optimum use of fixed national resources, limits to economic growth and ecological aspects of principal pollution problems. Generally offered winter and summer semesters of odd years.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010 , or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3150 - Economics of Gender and Ethnicity

    (3)
    Employs basic economic principles and standard economic theories to explore and analyze issues of gender and ethnicity at the domestic, national and international levels. Also focuses on gender related outcomes over time and across ethnic groupings. Key topics include: the economics of family structure; patterns of household and labor market activity; patterns of education and occupational choice; gender and ethnic earnings gaps; interplay of gender and ethnicity in the economy; theories of discrimination; and gender/ethnic issues in international perspective. Satisfies the university general education requirement in U.S. diversity.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010  or ECN 2100 , with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3210 - Financial Markets and Economy

    (3)
    Focuses on three areas: an introduction to banking and financial institutions, study of the U.S. financial markets (stock, bond and money markets), and the study of the impact of macroeconomic policies on the nation’s economy and financial markets. (Generally offered winter semester and summer semester).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010  or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3260 - International Economic Development

    (3)
    The main theories of economic development applied to developing countries. Topics include decision-making at the individual and macro-levels; trade strategies; fiscal, monetary and exchange policies in promoting economic development; and the role of less developed countries in the global economy. (Generally offered winter semester of even years). Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in general education. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the global perspective knowledge exploration area.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010  or ECN 2100 , with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3330 - History of Economic Thought

    (3)
    Surveys the history and development of economic theory. Examines the development of classical theory, the Marxian challenge, the neo-classical refinement (marginal revolution) and the Keynesian revolution. Emphasis will be placed on the development of economics as intellectual history. (Offered with sufficient student demand).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2020  or ECN 2000  or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3380 - Economics of Human Resources

    (3)
    Surveys the nature of labor markets. Topics include labor demand and supply, education and investment in human capital, unemployment, geographic and occupational mobility of labor, and effects of race, sex and age in labor markets. (Generally offered fall semester of odd years).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 1500  or ECN 2010  or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
  •  

    ECN 3670 - Economics of Health Care

    (3)
    Application of tools of economic analysis to the health care industry and government health care policy. Examines the impact of the special characteristics of health care and the medical services industry on the pattern of health care produced, its distribution and resource allocation within the industry. (Generally offered winter semester of even years).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
  •  

    ECN 3730 - International Trade

    (3)
    Examines classical, neoclassical and modern theories of international trade, as well as trade policies. Topics include: the relationship between economic growth and international trade, the theory and practice of commercial policy, preferential trading arrangements, international factor movements, trade under imperfect competition, and trade between unequal partners. (Generally offered every fall semester and summer semester of even years).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3740 - Economics of Intl Finance

    (3)
    Examines issues of balance of payments adjustment, exchange rate determination, and the open economy. Topics include: theories of payments and foreign exchange, causes of disturbances and processes of adjustments in the balance of payments of the foreign exchange market under alternative exchange rate regimes, international capital markets, foreign debt, monetary integration, and the international monetary system. The course may not be substituted for FIN 4190. (Generally offered winter semester of odd years).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3760 - U.S. and World Economic History

    (3)
    This course covers the economic history of the United States from colonial settlement to the present time. It examines the sources of the U.S. economic growth, the creation of an integrated national economy, changes in income distribution, the evolution of political-economic institutions, and the impact of economic development on environment. This course also provides an overview of the world economic history, shifts of economic systems, patterns of industrialization, changing fortunes of leading economic powers, relationship between developed and developing economies, and the emergence of the U.S. as the leading economic and military power.
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3780 - Economic Analysis of Law

    (3)
    Economic analysis of basic institutions of legal systems. Emphasis is on laws that are not directly intended to regulate the economy, including property, contract, tort, criminal and procedural law. Labor and antitrust law will be discussed only tangentially. (Generally offered winter and summer semesters of even years).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3800 - Topics in Economics

    (3)
    Study of a selected topic in economics. Emphasis is placed on the institutional rather than the theoretical aspects of the topic. May be repeated for a total of 6 credits as long as the topic covered is different. (Offered with sufficient student demand).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3810 - Mathematical Analysis for Economists

    (3)
    Advanced Mathematical Analysis for Economists. This course is designed to teach students the language of mathematics and how to use it to better understand economics. Emphasis is placed on the application of mathematical concepts to economic models. The course includes, among other concepts, the mathematics of, and economic applications of equilibrium, slopes and derivatives, differentials, optimization, constrained optimization, and integration. Applications include problems in consumer and producer theory, general equilibrium, econometrics and other relevant areas.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 2010  and [ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  and [MTH 1222  or MTH 1554 ] with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3850 - Economics of Industries

    (3)
    Study of a selected topic in economics. Emphasis is placed on the institutional rather than the theoretical aspects of the topic. May be repeated for a total of 6 credits as long as the topic covered is different. (Offered with sufficient student demand).
    Prerequisite(s): [ECN 2010  and ECN 2000  or ECN 2020 ] or ECN 2100  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 3990 - ACHIEVE III - Business Economics

    (0)
    Guide students through the job search process within the Business Economics major.
    Prerequisite(s): major standing and SBC 1990  and SBC 2990  
  
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    ECN 4010 - Analyzing Markets Using Bloomberg Terminals

    (1)
    Students use Bloomberg terminals to view and analyze data. Bloomberg Essentials shows students how to navigate the terminals. Bloomberg Market Concepts teaches students how to use the terminals to analyze data. Financial aptitude is measured using the Bloomberg Aptitude Test. Analyzing data using the terminals is demonstrated with short papers. This course cannot be used as a course for either an economics major or minor elective.
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 2020  or ECN 2000  
    Pre/Corequisite(s): ECN 3020  or ECN 3210  or MIS 4460  or ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 4050 - Econometrics

    (3)


    Deals with estimation and testing of economic models using regression techniques. Class time includes weekly computer lab. Topics include: identifying and correcting violations of the regression assumptions, binary variables, distributed lag models, and simultaneous equation models. Must complete prerequisites or have instructor permission. (Generally offered every fall semester).
    Prerequisite(s): (QMM 2410  or STA 2226 ), and WRT 1060  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): ECN 3030  or ECN 3810  with a minimum grade of (C).

     

  
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    ECN 4060 - Time Series Econometrics

    (3)
    Survey of econometric methods related to time series data. Topics include: distributed lag models, spurious regression, time series decomposition, stationarity, autoregressive processes, moving average processes, random walks, unit roots, serial correlation, autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity, economic forecasting, co-integration, error correction models, vector autoregressive models, panel data methods. (Generally offered during winter semesters).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 4050  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
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    ECN 4090 - Urban and Regional Economics

    (3)
    Explores the application of microeconomic theory and empirical analysis to: residential choice and location of economic activities; migration patterns within and across states and metropolitan areas: major urban problems such as quality of life, transportation and optimum city size; urban sprawl; and Michigan’s economy. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement. Generally offered fall semester of odd years.
    Prerequisite(s): QMM 2410  or QMM 2500  and ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 4180 - Seminar in Economic Policy

    (3)
    Involves analysis of economic policy. Topics vary but may include resource allocation, macroeconomic stability, economic growth, energy, public choice, transitional economics, privatization, global economic interdependence and the environment. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience and for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement. (Generally offered fall semester of even years).
    Prerequisite(s): QMM 2500  or QMM 2410  and ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 4210 - Monetary Economics

    (3)
    Conducts a systematic treatment of monetary economics. Particular attention is paid to issues such as money demand, money supply, effects of money on the real economy (output and employment) and inflation, and effectiveness of monetary policy. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement. (Generally offered winter semester of even years).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 3020  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
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    ECN 4500 - Risk Management

    (3)
    Review of interest rate theory, probability theory, and probability distributions. Development of a variety of actuarial and risk models such as contingent payment models; life contingency models; frequency, severity and aggregate claims models. Risk metrics such as standard deviation and Value at Risk (VAR). Identical with APM 4550 . Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience. Cannot be used as an elective for the economics major or minor. Usually offered during summer semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): FIN 3220  and ACC 3010  and STA 4227  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    ECN 4560 - Public Finance

    (3)
    Studies the role and impact of the public sector in a market economy. It examines government spending programs and taxes within the context of efficiency and equity. There is a strong emphasis on current policy issues. Satisfies the university general education requirement for capstone experience. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): QMM 2410  or QMM 2500  and ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C) in each course.
  
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    ECN 4900 - Special Topics in Economics

    (3)
    Involves an intensive study of a selected topic in economics. Topics vary. See Schedule of Classes for current offering. May be repeated for a total of 6 credits as long as the topic covered is different. (Offered with sufficient student demand).
    Prerequisite(s): ECN 3030  with a minimum grade of (C)
  
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    ECN 4996 - Independent Study

    (1 TO 3)
    Qualified and highly motivated students may engage in individual research, directed readings or group study under the supervision of a faculty member. Offered every semester. May be repeated for a total of 6 credits. (Offered based on individual students’ needs).
    Prerequisite(s): overall GPA of (B) or better and an approved contract prior to registration.
 

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