Oct 24, 2020  
2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2018-2019 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 The department offers selected courses from this catalog as warranted by student needs and availability of faculty. Specific offerings for each term may be found in the Schedule of Classes.

Course Renumbering Project

Effective the Fall 2017 semester, all undergraduate and graduate courses at Oakland University were renumbered from 3 digits to 4 digits.

Most subject codes will remain the same, but the new four-digit course numbers may in some cases be similar to the previous three-digit course numbers and in other cases be different because academic departments have resequenced their course numbers.

Follow this link to the conversion list.

This searchable PDF is a guide to see how the course numbers have changed. Each row represents a course, and the columns represent: the subject code, the previous three-digit course number,and the new four-digit course number for that course, beginning in Fall 2017.

To search this PDF for a specific course using the old number, you can just hit “Control” (or “Command” if on Mac) and “F,” then type in a specific course (e.g. “WRT 160”) to find the new course number .

The following subject codes have changed:

  • Studio Art (SA) changed to (ART)
  • Some English (ENG) courses changed to Creative Writing (CW)
  • Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) and Computer and Information Technology (CIT) changed to Computer Science and Informatics (CSI)
  • Music Theory and Composition (MUT) changed to either Applied Music (MUA) or Musicology and Music Education (MUS)
  • (MLS) changed to (CDS)
  • Some (JRN) courses changed to (PR)

For more information, please contact your academic adviser. Graduate students, please contact your academic department for advising.

NOTE: If you enrolled or transferred after fall 2014 please be sure to search the 2017-18 catalog courses and review the 3 to 4 digit conversions list.

 

Biology

  
  •  

    BIO 1000 - Foundations of Modern Biology

    (4)
    Principles of biochemistry, energy transformation, metabolism, cell division, and heredity. Emphasizing problem-solving skills and the background necessary for success in more advanced biology courses. Especially suited for students majoring in science or allied health programs needing additional preparation prior to BIO 1200 . Not for major or minor credit in biology.
  
  •  

    BIO 1002 - Human Biology

    (4)
    Introduction to human biology with emphasis on human anatomy and physiology. Topics include cell biology, skeletal, muscular, digestive, cardiovascular, neural, hormonal and reproductive systems. Offered fall and winter semesters. Course does not count toward biology majors or minors. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the natural science and technology knowledge exploration area.
  
  •  

    BIO 1004 - Life on Earth

    (4)
    A survey course on the history of nature. The evolutionary emergence of plant and animal life from unicellular to multicellular organisms and eventually to humans is presented through lectures, text readings and films. Offered fall and winter semesters. Course does not count toward biology majors or minors. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the natural science and technology knowledge exploration area.
  
  •  

    BIO 1006 - Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

    (5)
    Basic human anatomy and physiology with clinical emphasis, specifically for pre-nursing students. Lectures are closely tied to laboratory activities. Computer simulations of cadaver dissections are used to teach and test anatomy. Course does not count toward biology majors or minors.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 1200 - Biology I

    (4)
    Introduction to cellular and molecular biology, enzymology, metabolism, genetics, cell division. One year of high school chemistry is strongly recommended. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the natural science and technology knowledge exploration area.
  
  •  

    BIO 1201 - Biology Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory and field experience emphasizing scientific method, scientific writing, Mendelian genetics, vertebrate anatomy and animal and plant diversity. Offered fall and winter semester.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 1200  or BIO 1300  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 1300 - Biology II

    (4)
    Introduction to the structure and function of plants and animals; nutrient acquisition, gas exchange, internal transport, excretion, chemical and nervous control, reproduction, behavior, ecology, evolution, and a synopsis of the major phyla. Offered fall and winter semesters. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the natural science and technology knowledge exploration area.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  recommended.
  
  •  

    BIO 2100 - Human Anatomy

    (4)
    The integration of organs into systems and systems into the organism. Selected aspects of developmental, comparative and microanatomy also will be discussed. Relevant to students in health sciences, biological science and liberal arts studies. Offered fall and winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 2101 - Human Anatomy Laboratory

    (1)
    Identification of the musculoskeletal system as well as other major organ systems using human cadavers. This course does not fulfill the laboratory experience requirements.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 2100  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 2600 - Human Physiology

    (4)
    Detailed study of general physiological principles and mechanisms with emphasis on systemic physiology. Normal physiology of individual organ systems will be explored, with stress on the role each plays in the human homeostatic balance. Offered fall and winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 2640 - Comparative Physiology

    (4)
    The physiology of organ systems in various animal groups. Examination and comparison of evolutionarily conserved and diversified components.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 2650 - Plant Physiology

    (4)
    Physiological processes that occur during the growth and development of plants, focusing on water relations, transport, mineral nutrition, regulation of photosynthesis and respiration, seed germination, and plant growth in response to hormones and environmental conditions.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3000 - Biology and Society

    (4)
    The major concepts of modern biology that would serve as a foundation for the well-educated nonscientist, including evolutionary biology, molecular and cellular biology, genetic and medical interventions, the biological bases of behavior and social organization, and the effects of biological and chemical pollutants. Course does not count toward the biology major or minor. Satisfies the university general education requirement in the natural science and technology knowledge exploration area. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in general education or in the major, not both.
    Prerequisite(s): for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement.
  
  •  

    BIO 3130 - Developmental Biology

    (4)
    An examination of mechanisms regulating the development of various organisms. Emphasis on the cellular and molecular controls that govern gametogenesis, fertilization, tissue formation, cellular interactions and gene activity. Offered alternate winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3210  or BIO 3400  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3140 - Histology

    (4)
    Structural organization of vertebrate tissues and organs in relation to cell and tissue functions.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher. BIO 3141  strongly recommended.
  
  •  

    BIO 3141 - Histology Laboratory

    (1)
    Microscopic examination and identification of vertebrate tissues and organs. Preparation of histological slides.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3140  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3142 - Biomaterials Approaches in Anatomy

    (4)
    Theoretical design of prosthesis, implants, and organs. Basic principles of engineering and materials sciences will be applied to histology and anatomy of the human body.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2100  and BIO 2101 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3210 - Biology of the Cell

    (4)
    Introduction to the biology of the cell. Includes structure and function of cell organelles and physiological processes at the cellular and molecular levels.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 ; BIO 1300  or BIO 2600 ; CHM 1440  and CHM 1470  each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3211 - Biology of the Cell Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory experience in cellular biology.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3210  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3220 - Neurobiology

    (4)
    Properties of individual nerve cells and small groups of nerve cells involved in information processing. Emphasis is placed on the cellular and molecular basis of excitability and synaptic transmission, membrane receptor systems and signaling, neuronal plasticity, and sensory and motor functions in relation to neurological disorders. Offered fall semester of alternate years.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 ; BIO 2600  or BIO 2640 ; and CHM 1450  and CHM 1480 ; each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3230 - Fundamentals of Biochemistry

    (4)
    Structure, assembly, and function of biomolecules and subcellular components; enzyme catalysis and regulation; generation of metabolic energy; electron transport and photosynthesis, metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids; nutrition and health implications.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and CHM 2010  or CHM 2340 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3232 - Biochemistry I

    (4)
    Science-intensive study of the structure, function, and isolation of biomolecules and subcellular components; enzyme catalysis and regulation; principles of metabolism, generation of metabolic energy by glycolysis, Krebs’ cycle and oxidative phosphorylation; and molecular approaches in biological research.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): CHM 2340  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 3233 - Biochemistry I Laboratory

    (1)
    Cellular extraction and purification of enzymes and enzymes kinetics. Analytical and quantitative methods for characterization of protein structure and activity.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1201  with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3232  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 3310 - Dendrology

    (4)
    The study of trees and shrubs; their identification, biology and ecology and the importance of woody plants to people. Includes laboratory experience. Offered in alternate fall semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 , BIO 1300 , BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3312 - Field Botany

    (4)
    Local flora course in identifying vascular plants occurring naturally in Michigan. Emphasis is on flowering plants, although ferns and coniferous species are also treated. Includes field trips to representative natural areas in southeast Michigan. Offered summer semester, first session. Fulfills the laboratory experience requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3320 - Vertebrate Zoology

    (5)
    Introduction to evolution, biology and classification of vertebrates, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Emphasis on a comparative approach to examining the anatomy, physiology, evolution, ecology, behavior, and life history aspects of vertebrates. Lecture focuses on a comparative analysis of all vertebrate groups, lab exercises separately treat the major groups. Fulfills the laboratory experience requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 , BIO 1300 , BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3322 - Marine Biology

    (4)
    Overview of the ocean environment with emphasis on marine organisms. Marine communities and adaptations from the intertidal zone to the abyssal plains will be presented.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3330 - Ecology

    (5)
    Basic ecological concepts, energy and materials flow, growth and regulation of populations, community interactions, chemical ecology and environmental biology. Includes laboratory experience and fulfills the laboratory experience requirement. Offered fall semester.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3332 - Field Biology

    (4)
    Ecological and taxonomic study of the fauna of southeastern Michigan. Aims include competence in use of illustrated handbooks and keys, and skills in collecting, preserving and identifying. Offered summer semester both first and second sessions. Fulfills the laboratory experience requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 , BIO 1300 , and BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3334 - Botany

    (4)
    Plant biology including topics on gross and microscopic structure, physiological processes, reproduction and development. Diversity within the plant kingdom and evolutionary history are also discussed.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3340 - Evolutionary Biology

    (4)
    Exploration of the processes of evolution and their past and current influence on organisms of today. Topics include origin of variability, natural selection, differentiation of populations, speciation, phylogenetic concepts, evolutionary ecology and sociobiology. BIO 3400  recommended.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3350 - Animal Behavior

    (4)
    The genetics, physiology, ecology and evolution of animal behavior. Emphasis is on social behavior, especially the behavior of social insects. Offered fall semester.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1300 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3351 - Animal Behavior Laboratory

    (1)
    Introduction to the study of animal behavior in the field and in the laboratory. Topics will include experimental design, data analysis, and writing in the scientific format.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1201  with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3350  (if prerequisite, with a grade of [C] or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 3360 - Organic Farming

    (4)
    Fundamental theory and practices integral to organic farming on a small scale. Field and lecture course integrates problem-solving ecology, botany, entomology, microbiology, chemistry, and more. Field sites include OU Campus Student Organic Farm, community gardens, and field trips to working organic farms. Offered annually in full summer semester.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1002 , BIO 1200 , or BIO 1300  with a grade of (C) or higher, or permission of instructor.
    Corequisite(s): BIO 3361 
  
  •  

    BIO 3361 - Organic Farming Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory and field studies of organic farming theory and applied practices. Field sites include OU Student Organic Farm and certain community gardens, depending on the season. May be taken three times, with each registration being in different semesters (summer, fall, winter).
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3360  in summer term only; if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3362 - Permaculture

    (4)
    Sustainable landscape planning based on natural and indigenous systems for food/fiber/fuel production that can be applied to home gardens and entire communities. Interdisciplinary hands-on problem-solving and design in field studies on campus. Course includes field trips and service-learning/community engagement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1002 , BIO 1200 , or BIO 1300 , with a grade of (C) or higher or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 3363 - Permaculture Laboratory

    (1 OR 2)
    Independent project design or field study to accompany or follow BIO 3362 . May be taken any semester.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3362  with a grade of (C) or higher and permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 3400 - Genetics

    (4)
    Fundamentals of classical and molecular genetics. Selected topics in human genetics, microbial genetics, biochemical genetics, molecular biology, cytogenetics and genomics. Offered fall and winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3401 - Genetics Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory experience in genetics, including elementary experiments in Mendelian genetics and molecular genetics. Principles of hypothesis testing and data analysis.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3400  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 3500 - General Microbiology

    (4)
    Concepts include microbial metabolism and physiology, genetics and genomics, diversity and evolution, growth control and aseptic techniques, host-parasite relationships, and survey of human bacterial and viral pathogens. Emerging techniques and applications in molecular biology and genetic engineering will also be considered as they relate to microbiology. Not open to students who have taken BIO 3520 . Offered fall and winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and CHM 2340 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3501 - General Microbiology Laboratory

    (1)
    Introduction to techniques used for growing, isolating, and handling microbes, as well as a survey of traditional and molecular approaches to microbe identification and analysis.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3500  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 3520 - Introduction to Human Microbiology

    (4)
    Introduction to the biology of microorganisms emphasizing the infectious diseases they cause and their control. Bacterial, mycotic, protozoan and viral infections; immunology; epidemiology; pathogenic mechanisms; chemotherapy; microbial genetics; microbial growth; and microbial physiology. Required of students in the nursing program. Not open to students who have taken BIO 3500 .
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3521 - Human Microbiology Laboratory

    (1)
    Introduction to techniques used for growing, isolating, and handling microbes. A microscopic examination and identification of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms including pathogens. Course restricted to biomedical sciences majors.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 3520  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher)
  
  •  

    BIO 3620 - Medical Physiology

    (4)
    Detailed study of physiological principles and the functioning of the various organ systems. Establishes a foundation for describing the mechanisms of action underlying human health and disease.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3230  or BIO 3232 , or BCM 4254 , or CHM 4254 , with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3621 - Physiology Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory exercises illustrating the principles of human physiology through experimental measurements and computer simulations.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3660 - Principles of Pharmacology

    (4)
    Introduction to the general principles of pharmacology. Includes principles of drug action, drug metabolism, and a review of major classes of pharmaceuticals.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 2640  or BIO 3620 ; and BIO 3232  or BCM 4254  or CHM 4254 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3662 - Neuropharmacology

    (4)
    Examination of drugs that affect nervous tissue. Includes basic principles and fundamentals of pharmacological actions on neurons and their synapses in relation to autonomic function, control of movement, mood and emotion, addictive disorders, higher cognitive function and psychosis, sleep arousal, pain, memory, dementias, and seizures and stroke.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3360 , and CHM 2340 ; and BCM 4254  or CHM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 3920 - Directed Readings in Biology

    (1 TO 4)
    Term paper based on library research of a current research-oriented biological topic. May be taken more than once. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major when taken for 3 or 4 credits. Prerequisite for writing requirement: completion of the university writing foundation requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): written agreement with a biology faculty supervisor.
  
  •  

    BIO 3930 - Occupational Experience in Biology

    (2 TO 4)
    Occupational experience in biology with faculty supervision that incorporates student performance in a professional setting. May not be repeated for credit.
    Prerequisite(s): junior/senior standing. 16 credits in biology of which 8 must be at the 3000-4000 level and permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 4100 - Advanced Visceral Human Anatomy

    (4)
    Advanced study of the human body systems with emphasis on the thorax, abdomen and pelvic regions, including organ structure, blood supply, innervation and lymphatics. Clinical correlations and applications using human cadavers.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2100  with a grade of (C) or higher or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 4111 - Advanced Regional Dissection

    (2)
    Active full body regional dissection under the Socratic tradition. Multiple systems will be explored and discussed with regard to relationships, form, function, and disease. Students will perform regional dissections in teams under rotating peer leadership and one individual dissection of each student’s choice will be graded and demonstrated to peers.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2100  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4112 - Advanced Musculoskeletal Human Anatomy

    (4)
    Advanced study of the human body systems with emphasis on the musculoskeletal system including the back, upper limb and lower limb osteology, musculature, blood supply, innervation, and connective tissue structures using human cadaver dissections.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2100  with a grade of (C) or higher or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 4120 - Neuroanatomy

    (4)
    Exploration of central and peripheral nervous systems with associated structures with respect to their morphology, relationships, development, and function. Pathways within the brain and spinal cord and the integration of these functions in motor, sensory and autonomic activity. Investigation of certain lesions and their clinical significance via hands-on interactive activities and lectures.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2100  with a grade of (C) or higher or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 4121 - Neuroanatomy Laboratory

    (1)
    Laboratory experience in neuroanatomy. Identification of basic neuroanatomical structures of the human.
    Corequisite(s): BIO 4120  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4210 - Molecular Biology

    (4)
    Basic molecular biology of viruses, prokaryotes, and eukaryotes with emphasis on cloning, expression and regulation of genes, applications of recombinant DNA, cancer, and genetic diseases/disorders.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3400  and either BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4211 - Molecular Biology Laboratory

    (2)
    Basic techniques in molecular biology: isolation and characterization of DNA and RNA, cloning, restriction analysis, nucleic acid hybridization and recombinant DNA techniques.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 4210  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher).
  
  •  

    BIO 4220 - Cell Biology of Cancer

    (4)
    Introduction to cancer from signal transduction pathways that regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion and migration. Offered winter semester.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3210  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4222 - Stem Cell Biology

    (4)
    Comprehensive overview of stem cells and their potential in biomedical research and applications. Aspects of basic, applied biology and medicine including development and differentiation, cancer, regeneration/repair, cell therapy, and drug development. Provides a broad background and the opportunity to apply critical thinking skills to recent advances in stem cell biology.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4224 - Science of Vision

    (3)
    In-depth study of the tissues of the eye. Topics include visual transduction, light and dark adaptation, color vision, lens physiology and cataract, cornea, glaucoma, inherited retinal diseases, diabetic retinopathy, physiological optics, and regulation of gene expression in ocular development.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620  or BIO 3220  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4226 - Immunology

    (4)
    Human immune response. Emphasis on components of the immune system, antibody structure and function, antigen processing and presentation, T cell responses, immune response to infectious diseases, and disorders of the immune system.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3400  or BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4230 - Cellular Biochemistry

    (4)
    Advanced discussion of cellular control mechanisms emphasizing recent developments in the biochemistry of proteins and nucleic acids. Offered fall semester.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4232 - Biochemistry II

    (4)
    A continuation of BIO 3232  using the same textbook. Topics include photosynthesis, metabolism of lipids and nitrogen-containing compounds, biochemical mechanisms of hormone action, integration and control of cell metabolism, biochemistry of nucleic acids, and mechanisms of gene transcription and protein synthesis.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4234 - Biochemistry of Metabolism and Disease

    (4)
    Biochemistry of the metabolic processes and interrelations existing in healthy and disease states in human systems. Covers both metabolic disorders as well as insights to clinical biochemistry related to cancer, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis and other diseases. Course restricted to biomedical science majors.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620 ; BIO 3232 , CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4320 - Medical Parasitology

    (4)
    Medically important protozoan, helminth, and arthropod parasites, including their morphology, biology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, immunology, epidemiology, and control.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 , BIO 1300 , and BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Corequisite(s): BIO 4321 
  
  •  

    BIO 4321 - Medical Parasitology Laboratory

    (1)
    Study of medically important protozoan, helminth, and arthropod parasites, including their morphology, biology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, immunology, epidemiology, and control. Laboratory activities include methods for identification of medically important parasites. To be taken with BIO 4320 .
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200 , BIO 1300 , and BIO 1201 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
    Corequisite(s): BIO 4320 
  
  •  

    BIO 4330 - Stream Ecology

    (3)
    Introduction to the ecology of streams and rivers. Topics include river restoration, nutrient cycling, stream food webs, fluvial geomorphology, watershed hydrology, invasive aquatic and riparian species, and riparian ecology.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1300  with a grade of (C) or higher; BIO 3330  recommended.
  
  •  

    BIO 4333 - Tropical Field Ecology

    (3)
    Field-based introduction to tropical ecology with an emphasis on experiencing different types of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3330  with a grade of (C) or higher; recommended and instructor permission.
  
  •  

    BIO 4334 - Topics in Physiological Ecology

    (3)
    Physiological responses of organisms to their environment including plant/herbivore interactions, adaptations of desert animals, allopathy, energy cost of animal activities, and communication on an organismal level. Offered alternate winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 2640  or BIO 2650  or BIO 3620 ; and BIO 3330 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4336 - Topics in Community and Population Biology

    (4)
    Analytic and synthetic approaches to the biology of populations and communities utilizing both plant and animal studies. Topics will include population growth and regulation, competition, predator prey interactions, community structure and species diversity. Offered alternate fall semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3330  or BIO 3340  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4338 - Food Systems Biology

    (4)
    The biology of the food system is followed “from seed to plate” with regard to its impact on ecology and human physiology and pathology. Includes. conventional lectures, readings, discussions, student research, projects and presentations, field work and service-learning/community engagement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  with a grade of (C) or higher and junior/senior standing.
  
  •  

    BIO 4340 - Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

    (4)
    Introduction to the principles of evolutionary biology and their application to understanding human disease and medically relevant topics including the development of antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria and an understanding of how viral evolution impacts vaccine production. Course restricted to biomedical sciences majors.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 1200  and BIO 3400  or BIO 4402 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4342 - Topics in Evolutionary Biology

    (3)
    Advanced topics in evolutionary biology, including evolutionary patterns, the nature of selection, adaptation, macroevolution, the application of molecular biology to evolution and philosophical issues of evolution. Offered alternate fall semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3330 , BIO 3350 , and BIO 3340  with a grade of (C) or higher; or permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIO 4350 - Topics in Behavioral Biology

    (3)
    The ecology, evolution, genetics and physiology of behavior, especially social behavior. Topics will include kin recognition, mate choice, dominance hierarchies and the mechanisms by which societies are organized. Offered alternate winter semesters.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3350  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
  •  

    BIO 4400 - Advanced Genetics

    (4)
    A continuation of BIO 3400 . Topics include methods of gene discovery through analysis of genetic variation, genetics of complex traits (in which multiple genes and environment interact), non-classical modes of inheritance, and applied topics such as the use of genetics in medicine and forensics.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3400  with a grade of (C) or higher and either STA 2220 , STA 2222 , or STA 2226 
  
  •  

    BIO 4402 - Human Genetics

    (4)
    Introduction to classical and molecular inheritance, genetic processes of humans with particular emphasis on human genetic diseases. Topics include gene mapping, genetic diseases, molecular screening. Course restricted to biomedical sciences majors.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4412 - Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics

    (4)
    Use and implementation of computer software for sequence analysis of nucleic acids and proteins. Emphasis on gene discovery, annotation, building phylogenetic histories, and state-of-the-art strategies used for gene expression analysis of an organism from a genome-wide perspective.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3400 
  
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    BIO 4413 - Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics Laboratory

    (1)
    Explores molecular biology, genomics and bioinformatics techniques useful in study of genomes and proteomes.
    Pre/Corequisite(s): BIO 4412  (if prerequisite, with a grade of (C) or higher)
  
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    BIO 4510 - Virology

    (4)
    Fundamentals of virology including classification of bacteriophages, plant and animal viruses, viral multiplication, and pathogenesis.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3210  or BIO 3500 , or BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher
  
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    BIO 4511 - Microbial Biotechnology

    (4)
    Microbial genetics, emphasizing the basic aspects of bacteriophage and plasmid genetics applied to biotechnology.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3400  or BIO 3500  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4530 - Medical Microbiology

    (4)
    Bacterial and viral human pathogens, emphasizing their etiology, physiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, control and diagnosis.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4610 - Advanced Topics in Cell Physiology

    (4)
    Discussion and lecture course offered by faculty members with research interests in cell physiology. Topics to be announced.
  
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    BIO 4620 - Advanced Human Physiology

    (4)
    Lectures and discussion emphasizing the experimental basis and current techniques for the study of human systems. Topics include: neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal physiology.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620  with a grade of (C) or higher
  
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    BIO 4622 - Endocrinology

    (4)
    Endocrine systems, mechanisms of hormone action, interactions among hormones, the roles of hormones in growth, differentiation, and reproduction; tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes. Emphasis will be placed on human endocrine disorders and their clinical significance.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4629 - Scientific Inquiry

    (1)
    Integrative laboratory based experience focused on a single medically relevant topic. Exercises will range from basic cell/biochemical to virtual simulations of physiological processes to data mining of available biomedical databases through societal impacts. Course restricted to biomedical sciences majors.
  
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    BIO 4660 - Integrative Pharmacology

    (4)
    Introduction to human pharmacology with emphasis on an integrative approach to encompass clinical application, physiological functions, pharmacological principles, biochemistry of actions. Offered fall semester. Course restricted to biomedical science majors.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 2600  or BIO 3620 , and BIO 3232  or CHM 4254  or BCM 4254 , each with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4900 - Selected Topics in Biology

    (1 TO 5)
    Advanced topics in a specialized area of biological sciences. The topics and prerequisites may vary. May be repeated for additional credit.
  
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    BIO 4930 - Introduction to Human Subjects Research I

    (4)
    Structured research learning experience for pre-medical students; basic concepts, topics of clinical research, and structure of clinical research; clinical epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, data analysis, relevant medical pathophysiology, diagnostics and therapeutics.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
  
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    BIO 4932 - Introduction to Human Subjects Research II

    (1 TO 4)
    Structured research learning experience for pre-medical students, advanced concepts, topics of clinical research, and structure for clinical research; clinical epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, data analysis, relevant medical pathophysiology, diagnostics and therapeutics. Fulfills the laboratory experience requirement.
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 4930 
  
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    BIO 4970 - Scientific Inquiry and Communication

    (4)
    Synthesis of several sub disciplines in biological sciences using technical reports, articles in the popular press and on the Internet. Integration of life sciences with history, fine arts, other cultures, social and ethical issues addressed through a variety of methods of inquiry with emphasis on communication skills and critical thinking. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major. Prerequisite for writing intensive: completion of the university writing foundation requirement. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience.
    Prerequisite(s): senior standing.
  
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    BIO 4972 - Integrative Biomedicine and Disease

    (4)
    Investigation of clinically relevant diseases using an integration of biological sub disciplines. Technical reports, journal articles, and articles in the popular press, historical records, and internet resources will be used to investigate treatment of pathological conditions, cultural effects of diseases, historical impacts and ethics of managing different diseases. Oral and written communication and critical thinking skills will be emphasized. Course restricted to biomedical sciences majors. Offered winter semester. Satisfies the university general education requirement for the capstone experience. Satisfies the university general education requirement for a writing intensive course in the major.
    Prerequisite(s): completion of the university writing foundation requirement. BIO 4660  with a grade of (C) or higher.
  
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    BIO 4995 - Independent Research

    (1 TO 4)
    Directed undergraduate research in laboratory, field or theoretical biology. Should be initiated before or during the junior year. May be taken for a numeric grade (research paper required) by written arrangement with a biology faculty supervisor for a maximum of 4 credits. May be taken for an S/U grade (no paper required) by written arrangement with a biology supervisor for a maximum of 8 credits. BIO 4995 counts as one laboratory course for the major.
    Prerequisite(s): written agreement with a biology faculty supervisor.
  
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    BIO 4997 - Apprentice College Teaching

    (2)
    Assisting in presenting a course, usually a laboratory course, to undergraduates. May be taken more than once. Cannot be counted as a biology laboratory course.
    Prerequisite(s): written agreement with a biology faculty supervisor.